Tag: 南京桑拿论坛

Henderson eyes up IRE’s West End HQ

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

Black Mambas crowned champions of Betway Talent Search 2019

first_imgThe quest for the next big star in football climaxed at the Sukura Wembley Park as Black Mambas emerged as champions of the third edition of the Betway Talent Search.The search started three weeks ago in two zones- Northern and Southern zones.Teams across the country battled out for glory in the zones and an eye for the bigger price on Saturday, August 3, 2019.Six teams made it to the finals in Accra, Sukura Wembley Park- Desire FC, Satellite FC, Red Devils, Green Buffalos, Black Mamba, and White Scent.After an all-play-all contest, Black Mambas emerged as champions of the third edition of the Betway Talent Search.Why Betway Talent SearchAs the tournament progressed, Country manager of Betway, Ghana, Magnus Rex Danquah Jnr revealed the reason for Betway to undertake such an event. “Betway Talent Search is basically to empower unprofessional players. It is built for people playing in the division one and two and not those in the premier league.Because by now if you are between the ages of 18 to 25 and you are not in the premier league, then you are short of chances to be exposed to talents, good coaches, and good management.So this is basically to expose them to right scouts and good teams.”On the innovation of this year’s edition“Usually we used to deal with individuals players. So we open up to individual players to come and showcase what they have.But after the whole programme, if you look for teams for these players, people come out from anywhere claiming they are the player’s managers.And that hinders the chances of these footballers making it anywhere.So this year, we decided to deal with the teams itself. So the team, together with its hierarchy show up.So if there is a scout who is interested in any of the players, you talk to the management and things pick up from there.”Monetary factor“This year we have put in a little motivation in there.There is the money factor.So the players are not just playing for pride.They are also preparing for the season ahead as this also serves as a preseason for them.”The effect of the talent to the premier league clubs“We are doing this as a pre-season for all the other clubs and not only the four teams sponsored by Betway.So what we will do is, we will put up a roster which will include the names of the promising players and the position they play.So it does not have to be AshGold, Aduana Stars, Medeama, or Liberty Professionals to be interested in these players.Therefore if a club like Accra Hearts of Oak or Kotoko or whoever is looking for a left-back, we will publish the list of the players on the roster.Or you can get in touch with any of the people in the technical team and we would supply you with the player needed.Even so, we are helping them make their work easier.”Benefits derived from the previous edition“Few of the players who have made it in season one and two are playing in Europe, the local league and some African countries as well.So in general, it has been good so far”last_img read more


first_imgResults from last night’s greyhound racing at Lifford Stadium were:Race 1 (350 yards): 1, Imperial Falcon 3/1; 2, Fernhill Scolari 7/4 fav. Time: 19.07. Distance: a length.Race 2 Booking Office 350 (350 yards): 1, Tobar na Maithir 7/2; 2, Tons of Speed 2/1. Time: 19.03. Distance: a length. Race 3 €200 Track Buster 525 semi-final (525 yards): 1, Swanson Rosette 5/2; 2, Tydon Marquis 6/1. Time: 29.12. Distance: 3.75 lengths.Race 4 €200 Track Buster 525 semi-final (525 yards): 1, Flaming Ember 5/1; 2, Fernhill Dice 6/4. Time 29.13. Distance: 1. lengths.Race 5 Lifford €15 Special 350 (350 yards): 1, Nosey Taz 1/1 fav; 2, Grillagh Miller 4/1. Time: 18.91. Distance: 5 lengths.Race 6 Ultimate Dining Experience 525 (525 yards): 1, Fridays Maybe 1/1 fav; 2, Altmore Rose 4/1. Time: 29.09. Distance: 3.15 lengths. Race 7 Lifford €10 Sizzler Deal 525 (525 yards): 1, Smurfing Convoy 4/1; 2, Altmore Champ 5/2. Time: 28.82. Time: 0.75 length.Race 8 Donegal for Sam 525 (525 yards): 1, Nosey Meg 4/1; 2, Crossleigh Thyme 1/1. Time: 29.08. Distance: .75 length.Race 9 A McLean Boomakers 525 Final (525 yards): 1, Aughduff Murt 5/2; Tahina Kellie 7/2. Time: 28.97. Distance: a short head.Race 10 Buy a Buster 575 round one, heat one (575 yards): 1, Mr Bishop 6/1; 2, Total Motion 4/1. Time: 31.91. Distance: .75 length.Race 11 Buy a Buster 575 round one, heat two (575 yards): 1, Kingsmill Aguero 2/1 fav; 2, Mongys Girl 9.4. Time: 32.03. Distance: a short head. Race 12 Buy a Buster 575 round one, heat three (575 yards): 1, Dirt Bird 6/1; Take Cover 4/1. Time 31.82. Distance: 1.5 length.GREYHOUND RACING: LIFFORD RESULTS was last modified: September 21st, 2014 by johngerardShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:greyhoundLiffordResultslast_img read more

Contact Us

first_imgBrand South Africa103 Central StreetHoughtonJohannesburgPO Box 87168HoughtonGautengSouth Africa 2041+27 (0) 11 483-0122+27 (0) 11 483-0124info@brandsouthafrica.com Country Office, USAMudunwazi Baloyi+1 917-715-2705mudunwazib@brandsouthafrica.com Country Office, UKPumela SalelaMillenium Bridge House2 Lambeth HillLondon EC4V 4GG+44 207-002-7114 (direct) pumelas@brandsouthafrica.comwww.globalsouthafricans.com Country Office,ChinaTebogo LefifiOffice 1503 China World TowerNo.1 Jianguomenwai Ave.Chaoyang DistrictBeijing100004+ 86 10 5737 2431+ 86 10 5737 2432tebogol@brandsouthafrica.comClick on the following image to enlargelast_img read more

SA youth ‘developing rural communities’

first_img6 November 2012 The National Rural Youth Service Corps is the future of rural development in South Africa, Rural Development and Land Reform Minister Gugile Nkwinti said in Johannesburg on Tuesday. Nkwinti said the programme had taken on board over 11 000 young people from rural areas around the country and had helped over 4 000 of them to get theoretical training at Further Education and Training colleges. “We train them so that they can go back to develop their respective rural communities with the skills that they acquire from us, but some of them are being absorbed in urban areas [which is fine],” he said. Skills development and accelerated service delivery The programme, involving two years of training, was launched in 2011 with an initial 7 900 participants. To date, 4 500 participants have either received or are in the process of completing training in various disciplines, mainly in the construction sector. A further 855 have been trained in records management, and are currently scanning and counting land claim files in all nine of South Africa’s provinces. Eighty participants have been trained in disaster management for placement in municipalities. Nkwinti, who supports the idea of getting rural schools to teach farming skills to high school learners, said the programme was widely viewed as a success, but required additional resources. “Our view is that skills development for young people is critical in rebuilding our country. As government, we’ve done a lot in terms of accelerating water and sanitation provision, adequate roads, housing and electrifying households. “We’ve delivered early childhood development centres, clinics and other basic human rights needs that never existed before in areas such as Muyexe in Limpopo, and now we are moving to other areas in other provinces, where we are also building houses for needy beneficiaries.” Nkwinti said they still had many areas to get around to in terms of delivering services. “The pace is slow, but we are pleading with our people to be patient. We are getting there. The country is quite big and resources are very limited.” Source: SANews.gov.zalast_img read more

Low-cost ultrasound for moms, babies

first_imgJeremy Wallis demonstrates how Umbiflow works. Unlike conventional equipment, Umbiflow doesn’t require a specialist to operate it and interpret the results. The device can easily be used by nursing sisters, midwives and general practitioners in mobile, rural and low-resource primary health care settings. (Image: Wilma den Hartigh) Umbiflow makes it possible to perform umbilical blood flow assessments at primary health care clinics, removing the need to always refer patients to specialists. The entire device is powered off a notebook laptop or a windows tablet. Results are generated in real time, displayed on a screen and printed immediately using a small printer connected to the notebook. The graph is divided into three sections – green, yellow and red – with each colour determining the type of action required. Green indicates good blood flow with no cause for concern, but foetuses that fall within the red zone will be referred to secondary health care providers. (Images: Jeremy Wallis) MEDIA CONTACTS • Jeremy Wallis   CSIR  +27 12 841 3512 RELATED ARTICLES • Traditional midwives back in fashion • Taking the risk out of giving birth • South Africa leads in mHealth • Top prize for local TB researchers Wilma den HartighResearchers from the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Medical Research Council have developed a low-cost Doppler ultrasound device, known as Umbiflow, which will improve primary health care services for pregnant women.Doppler ultrasound equipment is an important tool used worldwide to determine foetal health and the intention with Umbiflow is to increase its impact.Using sound waves, it measures blood flow in the umbilical cord to determine if a foetus is small for gestational age (SGA) and sick, which usually occurs if the placenta is not providing enough blood flow to maintain the foetus on the standard growth curve.In the public healthcare system, women usually only undergo blood flow measurement using ultrasound technology if a pregnancy is considered high risk, and then only through a referral to a secondary health care provider or specialist.Now a group of researchers have taken conventional, and expensive, ultrasound technology and customised it in such a way that more pregnant women in South Africa can benefit from it.Jeremy Wallis, manager of the sensor science and technology competence area at the CSIR, says Umbiflow makes it possible to perform umbilical blood flow assessments at primary health care clinics, removing the need to always refer patients to specialists.Improving ante-natal careConventional ultrasound units are out of reach for the majority of primary care facilities in the country as they can only be operated by specialists, and have historically cost anything between R200 000 (US$22 500) and R1.5-million ($169 000).The new low-cost device is an ideal solution for ensuring that highly specialised technology is made available to every South African woman.Currently primary health care practitioners make use of tape measures to determine fundal height, measured from the mother’s pubic bone to the top of the uterus, to see if a foetus is SGA.Wallis says this technique can correctly identify SGA foetuses – typically 10 in every 100 cases – but the method can’t differentiate if a foetus is SGA yet healthy, or SGA and sick.“Umbiflow can do this,” he says.The technological intervention can also help the Department of Health meet its priorities to decrease child mortality (South Africa is 164th out of 220 countries); and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the healthcare system.An article in ScienceScope, a publication of the CSIR, suggests that the mortality rate of sick-SGA foetuses can be reduced by about 38%, compared to a health care system that does not have access to Doppler ultrasound.The benefits of Umbiflow can also help to meet Millennium Development Goals, in particular to reduce the mortality rate of children under five by two thirds by 2015 and achieve universal access to reproductive healthcare.How will it improve the current health care offering?Wallis says Umbiflow will improve the quality and efficiency of ante-natal care by lowering the costs associated with Doppler measurements, and reducing the need to refer patients.By ensuring that every clinic has an Umbiflow device, patient loads at secondary level will be reduced.“With a typical provincial hospital doing several thousand such Doppler measurements per year, there is room for significantly reducing this figure for those cases linked specifically to the SGA condition,” he explains.He says a large number of pregnant women referred to secondary care for a Doppler ultrasound measurements are actually referred back to primary level for continued antenatal care, as many patients are found to have healthy-SGA foetuses.Umbiflow aims to reduce this number of referrals.“It could save the public healthcare system a lot of money, and increase the comfort of patients,” he says.If such equipment is available at clinics, it will reduce the inconvenience of referrals such as booking days off work, arranging costly transport and waiting in queues.Wallis says the benefits of Doppler measurements are well documented. According to the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, there is a 44% reduction in hospital admissions, 20% less induced labour and the number of caesarean sections for foetal distress declines by 52%.Technology made accessibleThe device has been tested widely on thousands of patients, and the results show Umbiflow is as accurate as conventional, more expensive Doppler ultrasound equipment.But unlike conventional equipment, the Umbiflow doesn’t require a specialist to operate it and interpret the results. The device can easily be used by nursing sisters, midwives and general practitioners in mobile, rural and low-resource primary health care settings.“The technology is accessible and this is what makes it great,” Wallis says, and operators require very little training compared to, for instance, an imaging ultrasound.The handheld transducer plugs into a USB port, and the entire device is powered off a notebook laptop or a windows tablet. Results are generated in real time, displayed on a screen and printed immediately using a small printer connected to the notebook.The graph displaying the results is divided into three sections – green, yellow and red – with each colour determining the type of action required. Green indicates good blood flow with no cause for concern, but foetuses that fall within the red zone will be referred to secondary health care providers.The Umbiflow logs all results using cloud computing principles and 3G Internet connectivity. Wallis explains that this is important as it allows the developers to pick up any problems with the machine, such as quality or operator error.Exporting the productWallis says there is a market for Umbiflow beyond the public healthcare system in South Africa, such as mobile midwives who travel to patients.“In Holland a third of all births are at home and that country has a huge contingent of mobile midwives, so there is a market for it in first world countries too,” he says.In South Africa and worldwide the device can also be used by general practitioners who are based in small towns.The development team hopes to commercialise the technology in the next two years.last_img read more

Champions League: Lionel Messi hat-trick fires Barcelona to victory vs PSV Eindhoven

first_imgLione Messi was back to his best as he scored a hat-trick in their UEFA Champions League opener to fire Barcelona to a 4-0 victory over PSV Eindhoven at Camp Nou on Tuesday.Messi netted a record eighth hat-trick in the Champions League.The Spanish champions’ all-time top scorer Messi broke the deadlock in the 32nd minute with an immaculate free kick which he curled over the wall into the top corner against a PSV side who had defended well and looked dangerous on the break.But Barca demonstrated the gulf in class as the second half progressed and doubled their lead in the 75th with a curling strike from French forward Ousmane Dembele, who scored his fifth goal in six games in all competitions this season.When that needle in the haystack is as sharp as a surgeon’s scalpel… pic.twitter.com/A3qszCJx1wFC Barcelona (@FCBarcelona) September 18, 2018Messi got his second two minutes later when he turned Ivan Rakitic’s dinked pass into the net with a flick of his boot.The mood was briefly dampened when Barca’s France defender Samuel Umtiti was dismissed in the 79th for a second yellow card before Messi completed his treble three minutes from time.The Argentine received another chipped pass, this time from Luis Suarez, and ruthlessly smashed the ball home.And #Messi said, Let there be a goal: and there was a goal. pic.twitter.com/7ydlC9fSwUFC Barcelona (@FCBarcelona) September 18, 2018The strike completed eight trebles in Europe’s top competition for Messi, one more than rival Cristiano Ronaldo who will make his Juventus Champions League debut on Wednesday.advertisementEXTRAORDINARY MESSI”Messi does extraordinary things and makes them look routine,” Barca coach Ernesto Valverde told reporters.”We have to pinch ourselves to remind us that we are living through a unique era. When he stops playing it will be difficult to find someone like him.”#BarçaPSVPhotos#ForçaBarça pic.twitter.com/Wuz1TDhYudFC Barcelona (@FCBarcelona) September 18, 2018PSV, coached by former Barca and Netherlands midfielder Mark van Bommel, had produced an admirable performance on their first visit to the Nou Camp in 21 years until they tired late on.In the first half they shut down most of Barca’s attacks and plotted several spirited breaks, while after the interval their Mexico international Hirving Lozano fired just over the bar.Van Bommel thought his side were hard done by in conceding the free kick from which Messi opened the scoring but he also paid tribute to the five-times world player of the year.”I don’t think it was a foul but Messi put it in the net. For me he’s the best player in the world and it’s strange to me he doesn’t win the Ballon d’Or every single year. But, overall, I think the scoreline was harsh on us.”Another game ball for the collection. pic.twitter.com/mqtN8O1NQoFC Barcelona (@FCBarcelona) September 18, 2018Barca lead Group B on goal difference after Inter Milan beat Tottenham Hotspur 2-1 at the San Siro. Umtiti’s dismissal rules him out of Barca’s next game at Spurs Hotspur on October 3.(With inputs from Reuters)last_img read more

Study reveals mechanism by which malaria parasite converts from its asexual to

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 27 2018A study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) – an institution supported by “la Caixa” Foundation- reveals a new mechanism by which the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum converts from its asexual to its sexual form, which can be transmitted to the mosquito. The results, published in Nature Microbiology, provide important information on the parasite’s lifecycle and will eventually contribute to design strategies aimed at stopping its transmission.Human to mosquito transmission of the malaria parasite requires that some parasites in the blood stop replicating asexually and convert into sexual forms called gametocytes. This sexual conversion represents therefore an ideal target for stopping parasite transmission. However, the molecular mechanisms by which this process occurs remain poorly characterized.Related StoriesMother calls for protein shake regulation after daughter diesMosquito surveillance in Madagascar reveals new insight into malaria transmissionNANOLIVE‘s novel CX-A defines a new standard for live cell imaging in 96 well plates for continuous organelle monitoring in cell populationsAlfred Cortés, ICREA researcher at ISGlobal, and his team used a protein that is expressed only when the cell “decides” to differentiate into a gametocyte (a moment when it is indistinguishable from the asexual phase). Using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technique, they labeled such protein (called PfAP2-G) with a green fluorochrome, and re-examined the hypothesis that, between cell commitment and sexual conversion, the parasite needs to undergo a replication cycle.Using a culture system in the lab, the team found that some parasites directly convert into gametocytes, without an additional replication cycle. “The point at which the parasite decides to become a gametocyte turned out to be earlier than previously thought,” explains Cortés. “In fact, although its life cycle was described more than 100 years ago, it continues surprising us,” he adds.”Our results indicate that those parasites activating the expression of PfAP2-G early enough during the cycle can take the rapid route, whereas the others need to go through a replication cycle before converting into gametocytes,” explains first author Cristina Bancells. “This rapid route could favor the parasite’s survival and transmission in a ‘dangerous’ situation, for example in the case of drug treatment,” she adds. For the authors, these results provide an extended model for the early steps of sexual differentiation in P. falciparum. They also point to the need for further studies to establish how often parasites use one or the other sexual conversion pathway (classical versus “express”) in vivo.”Of note, gametocytes are a priority target for public health interventions aimed at reducing malaria transmission, and eventually eliminating it,” says Cortés. Source:https://www.isglobal.org/enlast_img read more

Globally measles at an all time high

first_imgThe recommendations also state that most health insurance plans cover the cost of vaccines. 12 through 15 months 4 through 6 years By Dr. Ananya Mandal, MDApr 30 2019In the United States, the number of cases of vaccine-preventable viral disease measles is on a 25-year record high. According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the main reason behind this is inadequate vaccination of the general population. Spread of misinformation regarding vaccine safety is to be blamed for inadequate vaccination of the population says the agency. The report from the CDC says that most of the cases of measles encountered are among children who have not been vaccinated with the MMR vaccine (that covers against measles, mumps and rubella or German measles infection). According to US Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar this rise in number of cases was “completely avoidable”. Parents refusing to vaccinate their children with the MMR vaccine are termed as the anti-vaxxers and have been linked to over 390 cases of measles since October last year say the officials.According to the latest report from the CDC, there have been 704 cases in the states since January this year (the number confirmed up until last Friday the 26th of April 2019). This makes 2019 the worst year for measles since 1994, they add. They speculate the numbers to be worse with eight more months to go this year. Secretary Alex Azar said in a statement, “The suffering we are seeing today is completely avoidable. We know vaccines are safe because they’re among some of the most studied medical products we have.”Dr Jonathan Fielding, former head of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health explained, “Many parents are afraid. If you want to believe your kid doesn’t need that many shots, there’s plenty of places to find people who agree with you.” He added, “It’s not so easy to discern what is real and what is not,” explaining the connections made on social media by antivaxxers between measles vaccine and autism.At present over 390 cases of measles have been seen in New York City since last October and this has been concentrated among children in Orthodox Jewish Communities in Brooklyn that refuse to vaccinate their children. New York City health commissioner Dr Oxiris Barbot in a statement said, “This outbreak is being fuelled by a small group of anti-vaxxers in these neighbourhoods.”Measles infection is also brought into the country by travellers say the officials. People with fever, runny noses, rash and cough travelling to the country bring in the infection that affects unvaccinated populations, they explain. In 2018 over 82 people brought in the measles infection while travelling from other countries. The number has crossed 40 this year in just 4 months, the CDC warns. Most common countries from where infections have reached the US include Ukraine, Israel and the Philippines.CDC Vaccine Director Dr. Nancy Messonnier in her statement said, “Measles is imported when an unvaccinated traveller visits a country where there is widespread measles transmission, gets infected with measles and returns to the United States.  That traveller then exposes people in their community who are not vaccinated.  44 cases so far this year were directly imported from other countries. Among the 44 internationally imported measles cases over 90% were in people who are unvaccinated or whose vaccination status was unknown.” “The recent outbreak started through what we call importation,” she said.Related StoriesScripps CHAVD wins $129 million NIH grant to advance new HIV vaccine approachNew shingles vaccine reduces outbreaks of painful rash among stem cell transplant patientsRevolutionary gene replacement surgery restores vision in patients with retinal degenerationVery few individuals with measles tend to develop complications such as pneumonias and other life threatening complications that require hospitalization. In the recent outbreaks of measles, there have been no deaths reported yet. However 3 percent of those infected have been hospitalized with pneumonia and a further 9 percent had to be hospitalized for other complications from measles explained the CDC director Robert Redfield. The CDC adds that at present around 10 percent of the patients in the present outbreak are adults who had received one or two doses of the vaccine. They explain that some adults may require a new dose especially when travelling to regions where outbreaks are taking place.In a conversation Secretary Azar said, “Today’s the start of National Infant Immunization Week, an annual observance and opportunity for us to highlight the importance of protecting infants from vaccine-preventable diseases and to celebrate the achievements of immunization programs in promoting healthy communities throughout the United States.  This year, we’re celebrating 25 years of national infant immunization week.”CDC director Robert Redfield added, “There are no treatment and no cure for measles and no way to predict how bad a case of measles will be.  Some children may have very mild symptoms.  Others may face serious complications.” He explained, “The United States has high rates of vaccination coverage among kindergartners entering school in 2017 about 94% had the recommended two doses of measles, mumps and rubella or the MMR vaccine.  That means the majority of parents are making sure their children get vaccinated according to CDC’s recommended immunization schedule.  Two doses of MMR vaccine are about 97% effective at preventing measles.  One dose is about 93% effective.”On the issue of travel and importation of the infection Redfield said, “…normally we don’t recommend the measles vaccine to begin in infants until 12 months of age.  But because of the current situation globally, if infants were to travel, we recommend in their 6 months to 11 months before they would get their 12-month shot, we recommend those infants do get a dose of the MMR vaccine prior to travel.”US President Donald Trump, last week also urged Americans to get vaccinated to prevent the spread of measles. “The vaccinations are so important. This is really going around now,” Trump said last Friday.Measles in the newsIn the UK last year there were 966 confirmed cases of measles. This is a fourfold rise since 2017. The numbers are at an all time high since the 1990s say officials. UNICEF research released last week shows that 2,5 million children in the U.S. did not receive MMR vaccine between 2010 and 2017, followed by France and the United Kingdom, with over 600,000 and 500,000 unvaccinated infants, respectively, during the same period.. The recommended vaccine coverage in the community is over 95 percent. Currently the vaccine coverage under the age of five in England is 88.6 per cent in 2014-15 and 87.2 per cent in 2017-18.The CDC says that measles is a highly contagious disease. The recommendation is one dose at each of the following ages – The recommendation states that before international travel: Infants 6—11 months old need 1 dose of measles vaccine Children 12 months and older need 2 doses separated by at least 28 days Teenagers and adults who do not have evidence of immunity against measles should get 2 doses separated by at least 28 days 15 months, held by her mother, being administered her first dose of mumps, measles and rubella (MMR) vaccine. Image Credit: UNICEF/UN0201055/Krepkihlast_img read more

Why dont electric cars look like the future

Consider aerodynamics. Without the need for an engine, theoretically you could do away with the bonnet and the “nose” of the car – think the classic electric milk floats that dutifully graced housing estates between the 1960s and the 1990s, when home milk deliveries fell out of fashion.Cars built along these lines would certainly stand out. But these milk floats were renowned for their lack of speed, designed instead to suit the constant stop/start nature of their role and the relatively short distances of their “milk-rounds”. They were well suited to this purpose – the quite hum of their electric motors ensured that they could be driven almost silently through housing estates when most of the residents were still asleep – but operating at low speeds meant that there was no need to consider aerodynamics to improve their efficiency.But aerodynamics and efficiency matter when designing a car. A great deal of investment is spent modelling the aerodynamics of a car through computer aided design software and scale clay models in a wind tunnel. The main idea is to reduce the air resistance of the vehicle when travelling at higher speeds, lowering its “drag coeeficient” and increasing its fuel efficiency. Thanks to years of extensive research, most hatchbacks and saloon cars for sale today have a very low drag coefficient – typically 0.23 to 0.36, although this figure is higher for SUVs and 4x4s. Electric cars – the Tesla model 3 at 0.23 and Tesla model X/S and Toyota Prius at 0.24 – currently have the lowest drag coefficients, but they still look like traditional cars rather than anything radically futuristic. To go completely back to the drawing board potentially would mean throwing away decades of advances. Norway seeks ‘Tesla tax’ on electric cars But there are also technical reasons for the lack of divergence between petrol and electric vehicles. Automotive companies have spent decades perfecting the existing form of the car, so that models are optimally aerodynamic, ergonomic and safe. To depart too radically from tried and tested designs would be a major commitment with expensive consequences in some or all of these areas. Beautiful. But is it revolutionary? Credit: Shutterstock Citation: Why don’t electric cars look like the future? (2018, January 9) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-dont-electric-cars-future.html Electric, yes. Aerodynamic, no. Credit: Tagishsimon, CC BY-SA Before they hit the market and became relatively mainstream, many imagined (or at least, hoped) that electric cars would resemble the Light Runner from Tron: Legacy. After all, without the need for an internal combustion engine, an exhaust system and a fuel tank, electric car designers should have the creative freedom to rip up the rule book and create some truly eye-catching vehicles. But this hasn’t really happened. Park a Renault Zoe next to a Renault Clio, for example, and compare the two. While there are subtle differences and styling cues that suggest the Zoe is electric and the Clio isn’t, the overall body form is strikingly similar. In fact, the Zoe is assembled on the same production line as the Clio and Nissan Micra. So what’s going on?One explanation could be economic; the initial cost outlay of using the Clio’s existing platform for the Zoe is far lower than developing a completely new design.But this absence of a radical departure in the design and styling of electric cars could also be market led, responding to customer expectations and perceptions. A new car is a significant investment and so consumers are typically conservative when choosing one. Manufacturers typically invest billions of pounds developing new models and they want to be sure that they will sell. Explore further Electric cars were supposed to be the future – or at least look like it. So now they’re here, why do they still look like ordinary petrol and diesel cars and not dazzling props from a science fiction film. This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. Fit for purpose?And then there’s ergonomics. This essentially is to do with how easy the car is to use: how easy it is to get in and out of, and whether the controls, the various knobs, dials, pedals and levers, are within reach and have a clear purpose. This effects the dimensions of any car. To accommodate an ageing population, manufacturers are now designing cars that are ever easier to access – which typically has increased their average height. It may be tempting to design a car that looks like nothing else before it, but you’re not going to sell many if drivers can’t get in without bumping their heads or struggle to reach the brake pedal.Ubiquitous Euro NCAP safety testing has also been instrumental in subtly changing the shape, form and size of cars developed over the past two decades. An increased focus on stronger structures and safety features (for both occupants and pedestrians) has typically made cars larger and heavier, but it has also shaped car design. To depart from this with radically different forms, would not only be an expensive development, but could be regressive to occupant and pedestrian safety.But other future technologies could change all this. Autonomous, self-driving cars could alter the focus on safety (perhaps the number of accidents will be vastly reduced, an outcome that insurers are already recognising and ergonomics (if the car’s driving itself, why sit in the driving seat?), allowing designers to play around with design in exciting new ways. And if that happens, perhaps cars will begin to look like the future after all. Provided by The Conversation This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more