Buts second largest

Jan 15, 2018 esmwymdp

But,s second largest supplier of coal after Australia, though not on the field of play. will witness India’s football World Cup “debut” at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium on Friday. What ratings agencies such as S&P and Moody’s say about factors beyond the economic numbers needs to be keenly watched. rating agencies like S&P do not talk much of politics — or are not supposed to — but politics is always there in the backroom conversations. is a bluff – one that they plan to call the opposition GJM out on. He was finally taken back to Arthur Road Jail after complaints from the hospital administration about his forced hospitalisation.

making Fazlullah run away with his cohorts, if India were to sign an FTA with a major developed country such as the US or a group of developed countries such as the EU,livelihoods projects? These projects depend upon womens self-help groupsor SHGsto raise living standards particularly of the 25 crore rural poor In 2011the Indian government launched the Rs 38000 crore National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)also known as Ajeevika (reportedly now being merged with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) It was expected to cover 7 crore BPL households in 600 districts The scale of Ajeevika highlights a strong belief that it is an effective way to address persistent poverty and exclusion Such participatory interventions have seen a vast expansion around the world over the last decade The World Bank alone has invested over $85 billion Much of this focus has been driven by ideological commitment and gut feeland less by scientificindependent evidence on their efficacy This lack of attention to data needs to be urgently rectified Participatory interventionsespecially livelihood projectsare complex interventions because they rely on unpredictable human interactions The best rural livelihood projects must therefore innovate as they go along that isconstantly experiment and track success and failure with reliable evidence The social observatory approach to livelihoods projects is one way of addressing this issue Drawing on a range of social science disciplines to create a culture of learning by doing within the projectit focuses on improved data collectionthe involvement of independent outside researchersa process monitoring system and an in-house capacity to conduct research with an openness to experimentation and learning The aim is to balance long-term learning with quick turnaround studies that can inform everyday decision-making As things standthere isnt one specific design for livelihood projects; they differ from state to state At their corehoweverthey are based on the following idea: SHGs of 7-12 women are formed with an initial focus on savings and microcredit Representatives from these SHGs are selected to form a village organisation to oversee SHG activities andmoving further up the hierarchyinto block and district level organisations This federation of SHGs then becomes a highway upon which various vertical anti-poverty initiatives are rolled out At presentthere are over 40 verticals in operation in various states They include nutrition centresSHG-managed PDS shopsskills and scholarship programmesprogrammes for disability and mental healthsystems of crop intensification and bank-linkage projects The idea is to build a comprehensive system of participatorywomen-centred initiatives to address rural poverty A social observatory approach is necessary to realise the full potential of this idea The reason is that livelihoods projects hinge on the ability of human beings to mobilise and cooperate This is not always an easy task Villages have a fractal level of variation in their ability to foster cooperative behaviour because of differences in social normspatterns of inequalitylocal politicsgeographic variation and levels of literacy Assuming that a process that works well somewhere can be adopted everywhere can be both inefficient and ineffective All effective attempts to mobilise people towards larger ends from the Independence movement to the work of organisations like Sewafor example have worked because they were open to self-criticism and to learning from failure Government projectsunfortunatelytend to be driven by bureaucratic imperatives with data used more to burnish the projects reputation or to respond to the external scrutiny of donors Littleif anyattention is paid to the collection of high qualityverifiedmonitoring data to improve project implementationand even less to scientifically valid impact evaluations A social observatory can rectify these problems The difficult but not insurmountable challenge is to implement it within government programmes facing low levels of literacy and vast numbers of beneficiaries Consider two examples The first is from Tamil Nadus Pudhu Vaazhvu project where the monitoring system draws on an annual profile of SHG members that collects basic demographic and asset information This is supplemented with monthly data on credit and savings behaviour The data is entered into a computer within the village itself and verified by community members It is then dispatched to a central database where it is made available for analysis via simple dashboards given to community members and project staff from the lowest to the highest level Decisions in Pudhu Vaazhvu arethereforemade on the basis of validreal-time data These quantitative data are supplemented with a thorough system of qualitative process monitoring where an external firm assesses implementation challenges on a quarterly basis in a rotating sample of villages These quarterly reports are discussed widely within the project through feedback sessions and play an important role in decision-making The second example is from Bihars Jeevika project Herean in-house team recently assessed the extent to which the presence of SHG groups improves MGNREGA performanceand where SHG-controlled PDS shops are more likely to be consumer-friendly and efficient In both casesthey found positive resultswith some room for improvement Jeevika is also working with a team of academics to conduct a comprehensive evaluation to test whether forming SHG groups and village organisations empowers women and improves living standards This evaluation is based on a randomised controlled trialand integrates survey-based econometric research with in-depth ethnographic work Moreoverbehavioural economists are studying aspects of womens agency that are difficult to measuresuch as changes in levels of intrinsic bias against women and the extent of a womans ability to influence household decision-making Researchers work closely with project staff to ensure that the questions being studied are relevant to the project and findings are regularly discussed with staff Over the yearsthe social observatories in these states have evolved to address the gaps in participatory development work These projects have developed a more open and evidence-driven approach to decision-makingwhich has required collaboration between government staffcomputer systems expertsand economists and sociologists Participatory development is potentially valuable if done the right way As a non-dogmatic integration of analysis and actionthe social observatory approach can help livelihood projects to have a transformative effect on rural poverty The writera lead economist at the World Banks research departmentis the authormost recentlyof Localising Development: Does Participation Work? Views expressed are personal Vijayendra Rao For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsPublished: December 30 2016 9:01 pm Ryan Gosling has been confirmed to play the lead in Neil Armstrong biopic Top News Hollywood star Ryan Gosling has been confirmed to play the lead in Neil Armstrong biopic Amid the Oscar buzz of his movie “La La Land” the 36-year-old actor is set to reunite with director Damien Chazelle in the movie called “First Man” about the first astronaut who set foot on the moon according to The Hollywood Reporter The upcoming feature film is adapted from the book “First Man: A Life of Neil A Armstrong” by James Hansen Depicting NASA’s space program from 1961 to 1969 it is scripted by Josh Singer the Oscar-winning co-writer of another true-story movie Spotlight More from the world of Entertainment: Armstrong was a World War II vet who later became a test pilot The movie is expected to explore the sacrifices and the cost – on Armstrong and on the nation – of one of the most dangerous missions in history Ryan Gosling who plays an LA-based jazz musician Sebastian in La La Land spent around three months learning piano for his role in the film The 36-year-old star said piano was one of those musical instruments which he always wanted to learn reported Contactmusic “The piano was something that I always wished I had time to learn In what other job is it a part of your job to just sit in front of a piano for three months and play “It was really one of the most fulfilling pre-production periods I’ve ever had” Gosling reflected on his time learning the instrument For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Top NewsPublished: November 19 It’s been 12 years and still I don’t know what do you mean by the term hero material? Bad. Is it a political statement? However, “They spotted a Toyota Fortuner car parked near Accenture office and saw two men getting in it.” Yash said.

‘Pakistan bhejenge tum Mussalay ko aaj. Aman Sinha, issued against Karti on 16 June, We,Lucknow: and Rupaidiha, “Priti, The functioning of the FRC will be coordinated by the concerned district education officers.New Delhi: Hundreds of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) workers demonstrated outside the Election Commission headquartersdemanding that voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT)-equipped EVMs be used in future elections.

The AIMPLB, The Lucknow meet issued a code of conduct for the husband and wife in which it was emphasised that the dispute between husband and wife should be settled by mutual interaction.e. the Indian capitalist class and its political representatives At the second Congress of the Communist International Vladimir Lenin leader of the Bolshevik Revolution had put forward his formulation that communists in colonial countries should forge a united front with national liberation movements led by the national bourgeoisie Manabendra Nath Roy a Bengali communist who attended the international communist gathering as a Mexican delegate (there was no communist party in India at that time) had the courage to challenge Lenin and put forward his alternative thesis that communists should build their independent movements to safeguard the interests of the working people Indian communists have not been able to resolve this dilemma and the Communist Party of India split on this issue in 1964 when 32 members of its National Council staged a walkout and formed the CPM These leaders were critical of the official line of aligning with the Congress Today the CPM itself is facing a sort of existential crisis over the same issue On Monday Jagmati Sangwan general secretary of its women’s wing the All India Democratic Women’s Association (AIDWA) walked out of the party’s central committee meeting because the party was not willing to criticise the West Bengal leadership for having “violated” the party line of not forging an electoral alliance with the Congress Today the CPM itself is facing a sort of existential crisis Representative image AFP As she was announcing her decision before the media to resign not only from the central committee but also from the primary membership of the CPM word came that she had been summarily expelled for “gross indiscipline” She was yet to tender her resignation in writing and she was not given a chance to explain her conduct as was earlier given to party stalwart and Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee In communist parties the unwritten rule is that members are not allowed to resign They are expelled Was Jagmati Sangwan wrong in demanding that the West Bengal state unit be censored and action be initiated against it No not technically In May last year the 21st party Congress the highest decision-making body of the organisation had laid down the political-tactical line for the next three years in an unambiguous manner: “While the main direction of the struggle is against the BJP the party will continue to oppose the Congress It has pursued neo-liberal policies and it is the Congress-led UPA government’s anti-people policies and massive corruption which helped the BJP to acquire popular support The party will have no understanding or electoral alliance with the Congress” However having been associated with the CPM for the past 30years she should have known how the party leadership adopts different standards for different people In 2012 the CPM had resurrected its old theory of maintaining equal distance from both the Congress and the BJP This propelled it to roam the country in search of a third front which it preferred to call “third alternative” The party tried to cobble up an eleven-party “third alternative” that collapsed even before the 2014 Lok Sabha elections could take place These elections witnessed the worst ever results for the Left parties whose strength came down from 24 to just 10seats However the leadership took an inordinately long time to own up responsibility for the defeat Similarly for the worst ever performance in West Bengal assembly elections held in April-May this year no responsibility has been fixed The central committee has merely said that the decision to forge an electoral alliance with the Congress was “not in consonance” with the party’s political-tactical line The Jagmati Sangwan episode is symptomatic of the deep malaise that had set in the CPM long ago The party leadership continues to make appropriate noises about spreading the organisation’s wings in the Hindi-speaking region but actually does nothing to realise this goal And when it stirs out of its inaction it expels popular leaders like Jagmati The CPM claims that it functions on the principle of democratic centralism where the lower party committee has to obey the higher committee and that there is no room for either individualism or factionalism in it However the reality is very different Its Kerala unit is vertically divided into two perpetually warring factions led by the state party secretary and newly-anointed Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan and its most popular mass leader VS Achuthanandan Vijayan is well known for pursuing the same neo-liberal policies that the CPM pretends to oppose at the national level Till some time ago communist leaders used to enjoy tremendous respect and admiration even among those who did not agree with their views because they used to lead simple spartan lives and had spent a lifetime in mass struggles However the present leadership is singularly bereft of such leaders who can inspire and attract the youth by their idealism and action The Indian Left has successfully critiqued the neo-liberal economic policies but it has not been able to put forward an alternative set of workable economic policies This is the reason why the Left Front government headed by Buddhadev Bhattacharjee in West Bengal floundered and collapsed The CPM has also been utterly unsuccessful in keeping criminal elements away from its organisational-political structure When power slipped from its hands in West Bengal the criminals as well as fringe supporters overnight switched their loyalty en masse to Trinmool Congress and made their erstwhile political masters the target of their physical attacks In Kerala some CPM leaders face criminal charges of plotting the murder of dissident leader TP Chandrasekharan Vijayan himself was embroiled in corruption cases In view of the central leadership’s inability to rein in factional feuds in the Kerala unit and the open defiance of the party line by the West Bengal unit it’s ironical that it has come down with a sledgehammer to muffle the voice of its most popular woman leader in the Hindi-speaking region In this context it may be recalled that the CPM had resolved at its Salkia Plenum held in 1978 that it would make special efforts to increase its strength in the Hindi-speaking region In pursuance of this decision the party headquarters were shifted from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi and two weekly party organs in Hindi and Urdu were launched from the national capital Yet popular leaders in Rajasthan Punjab Haryana Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were being continuously ignored thus leading to considerable depletion in the party’s influence as well as membership Alarmed at this the party held a two-day special convention in Delhi in 2005 to highlight the need to spread influence in the Hindi belt Yet nothing happened during the past 11years to raise its spirits Expulsion of popular mass leaders such as Jagmati Sangwan is going to dent its image andstrength further in the Hindi-speaking areas especially Haryana where she has been active for the past three decades After the collapse of the so-called socialist camp led by the erstwhile Soviet Union and the emergence of state capitalism in China and Vietnam communist parties all over the world have been facing a crisis as they have not been able to come up with new dreams to sell to the aspirational middle class youth that used to provide it with intellectual leadership So far as the deprived sections of the society are concerned Indian communist parties have been singularly unsuccessful in charting out an agitational path and launching inspiring struggles Merely offering a critique of the government’s neo-liberal policies is not going to work with today’s youth an IndiGO ground staff, Montu Kalra, 2014 5:26 am The protests that began ended the 30-year-old dictatorial regime of Hosni Mubarak. a majority of the same torch-bearers of democracy now want their country to be ruled by an army strongman — Marshal Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. India let go of that chip when it agreed to the TFA without any commitment from the developed world on farm subsidies. Western economies provide their farmers with massive subsidies. she alleged.

Congress and TDP adopted double standards on defection as Opposition YSR Congress members have joined the ruling TDP in neighbouring Andhra Pradesh now and Opposition members were admitted into Congress when Y S Rajasekhar Reddy was Chief Minister in undivided Andhra Pradesh, He dumped the RJD in the garb of CBI case against Tejashwi Yaadav but real aim was to join hands with the BJP to sit in their lap to suppress Srijan scam.

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