A circuit court judge in Dane County, Wisconsin, has blocked plans by the state’s largest electric utility to impose new fees on utility customers who install a photovoltaic (PV) system.The state’s Public Utilities Commission had already approved the new charges, which would have added about $19 to the power bill of a customer with a 5-kilowatt PV array. But Judge Peter Anderson ruled the commission didn’t have enough evidence to justify the increase, according to an article by the Milwaukee-Wisconsin Journal Sentinel.In seeking the new fees, We Energies said that customers with PV systems “contribute less than their equitable share” to paying fixed charges of grid maintenance. In addition to the $3.79 per kW charge for customers who own a PV system, the utility also sought to clear the books on net metering accounts at the end of each month, rather than annually, and to lower the net-metering rate from about 14 cents per kilowatt hour, the retail rate, to between 4 cents and 5 cents per kWh, the wholesale rate.The newspaper said that the proposal for new fees generated more public comment than any other rate case involving We in recent years. It attracted attention from regional and national groups, and prompted radio and web ads and more than 1,500 public comments. The Alliance for Solar Choice filed a lawsuit to block the changes in January, resulting in the October 30 ruling.“This is huge,” Alliance spokeswoman Amy Heart told the Journal Sentinel. “We hadn’t seen any public service commission approve such a high discriminatory charge on solar customers, and the court clearly stated that there needed to be evidence to justify that sort of charge.”We Energies and the Public Service Commission (PSC) were reviewing their legal options. Some parts of the PSC ruling will standAnderson’s ruling leaves some parts of the PSC’s order intact. Net metering rates will be lower, according to We Energies spokesman Brian Manthey, and the utility will be allowed to retain the higher fixed charges it has been assessing all customers since January.The doomed $3.79-per-kWh charge would have reduced the savings enjoyed by a customer with a 5 kW by about 25%, according to estimates by Renew Wisconsin. It would have been even worse for customers generating power with biogas or hydro, who would have faced an increase in monthly fees of $8.60 per kW in capacity.Although the case has been followed closely, it affects a relatively small number of customers. Only about 1,000 of We’s 750,000 to 800,000 residential customers actually own their own PV systems, Manthey told GBA in February. Leased solar is not permitted in Wisconsin.The number of renewable energy customers is small now, and that makes it the right time to address questions of rate fairness, the PSC said at the time.“The use of distributed generation is expected to continue to increase and it is important for those making such investments to understand the real costs and benefits of those investments and make informed choices,” the commission said.