A new analysis of a key contributor to the marine food web has turned up a surprising twist: more unique species in cooler waters than in the tropics, a reversal of the situation on land.The findings highlight the need to direct limited conservation dollars according to science, with a focus on places where biodiversity is most at risk, said Barnabas Daru, Harvard Herbaria Postdoctoral Fellow in Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, who performed the analysis on the world’s 70 species of seagrass.Daru acknowledged that seagrass isn’t as exciting as sharks or tuna, or as marine mammals such as seals, dolphins, and manatees. But for anyone who cares about the health of marine animals, he said, the role of humble seagrass at the beginning of the marine food chain is key.“The focus is often on animals, but anything that affects plants will have a cascading effect on everything higher up in the food chain,” Daru said.In other words, the creatures that eat seagrass are eaten by meat eaters, which are in turn eaten by larger meat eaters, such as sharks. In addition, seagrass meadows provide a host of ecosystem services, storing carbon as they grow, minimizing erosion by stabilizing marine sediments, and serving as nurseries where many fish and invertebrate species lay their eggs and where their offspring seek shelter early in their lives.Seagrass beds have been under assault globally. In Boston Harbor, vast seagrass beds have now dwindled to a bare remnant, roughly 750 acres of the 16,000 acres once thought to cover the harbor. Photo courtesy of Wikimedia CommonsSeagrass beds have been under assault globally. The grasses, which includes widespread eelgrass and turtlegrass, live entirely submerged, making them distinct from more familiar beach vegetation that is covered and uncovered by the tides. Like all plants, seagrasses depend on the sun to power photosynthesis, which means they live mainly in shallow coastal waters, leaving them vulnerable to pollution, dredging, habitat change, and rising temperatures.In Boston Harbor, vast seagrass beds have now dwindled to a bare remnant, roughly 750 acres of the 16,000 acres once thought to cover the harbor. Statewide, 90 percent of the remaining beds are in decline, according to the Massachusetts Bays Program.Daru’s research, published last month in the journal Biological Conservation, combined DNA analysis with existing data on seagrass distribution worldwide to draw what scientists call a “phylogenetic tree” showing relationships among different grasses. Researchers linked that tree to known patterns of global distribution.What emerged was a picture that surprised Daru. Unlike patterns of biological diversity on land — where the tropics have more vertebrate species that are evolutionarily distinct and without close relatives — seagrasses show the opposite distribution, with cooler, temperate regions home to more distinct species.The finding illustrates the importance of science in clarifying species distribution, he said, because that clarity is crucial to proper distribution of conservation funds.Similarly, Daru said, if efforts aiming to establish protected marine reserves are designed only with fish and mammal diversity in mind, conservationists are missing an opportunity to conserve meadows that the same fish and mammals depend on.Another discovery in the analysis was that species in the temperate regions approaching the northern and southern poles are more closely related to each other than they are to tropical species, even though they are geographically distant. Ocean currents, particularly those that flow along the sea floor, may have spread the grasses between the two regions, Daru said.“There is high evolutionary distinctiveness in temperate waters,” Daru said. “It shows there are more evolutionarily old species in temperate environments rather than in tropical warm waters.”SaveSave
Jupiter police officers say they need a raise and better benefits to bring them up to speed with other similarly-sized police agencies.Officers say if the town does not agree to draw up a more competitive compensation package, the department could lose 20% of its force by next year.The officers had lots of support at the town council meeting from hundreds of residents wearing blue t-shirts with “Support our Jupiter Police Officers” written across the front. More money, better benefits equal to other agencies. That what police officers are asking for in the Town of Jupiter. [email protected]_Forester has the full story: https://t.co/KIEcARKrO8 pic.twitter.com/bJ4loICQvY— WPEC CBS12 News (@CBS12) May 22, 2019
— Home plate umpire Joe West missed two innings of Thursday’s Nationals-Blue Jays game after getting bloodied when he was hit in the head by leadoff hitter Bo Bichette’s flying bat in the top of the first. The 67-year-old West is the senior umpire in Major League Baseball. He was struck near his left ear when Bichette lost hold of his bat while missing the first pitch thrown by Washington’s Erick Fedde (FEH’-dee). West returned in the middle of the third inning and began working at third base.— Big league hitters have opened this 60-game sprint by stumbling out of the blocks. The league-wide batting average is .229, down from .252 last season. The number is stunning, considering the National League has adopted the designated hitter for this season. The all-time low for batting average is .237, set in 1968, “the year of the pitcher.” — Mike Foltynewicz (fohl-tih-NAY’-vihch) is getting another chance with the Braves. Foltynewicz has cleared waivers and was outrighted to the team’s alternate training site. He was designated for assignment by the Braves on Tuesday following an alarming drop in velocity in summer camp and in his 14-5 loss at Tampa Bay on Monday night. NFL-NEWSBills send rookies home July 31, 2020 Associated Press UNDATED (AP) — The NCAA playing rules oversight committee has announced alterations in football and other sports to accommodate for COVID-19 concerns this coming season.The sideline area college football teams use to congregate will be extended by 20 yards.Currently, as many as four team captains can participate in the coin toss. That has been reduced to one and only two officials will be allowed to participate.In soccer, the penalty for spitting at an opponent has been increased from an ejection and one-game suspension to an ejection and two-game suspension. In volleyball, teams will not switch benches during a match.In other news related to the coronavirus pandemic: Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditMLB-NEWSPhils-Jays weekend tilt called offUNDATED (AP) — Major League Baseball says this weekend’s three-game series between the Philadelphia Phillies and visiting Toronto Blue Jays has been postponed. The move is a precaution following a recent COVID-19 outbreak in the visiting clubhouse at Citizens Bank Park. Update on the latest sports Neither gave a reason, and both major champions have not played since the COVID-19 pandemic led to golf being shut down for three months. They were replaced by Troy Merritt and Talor Gooch. — Formula One driver Sergio Perez is out of Sunday’s British Grand Prix after testing positive for the coronavirus. The Racing Point driver, who is Mexican, will now go into isolation. The race on Sunday will be the fourth in the pandemic-affected season that should have begun in March.— Britain has reversed course and now says spectators will not be able to attend sporting events in England because the coronavirus infection rate is rising. Fans were due to attend horse racing, cricket and snooker in the coming days as part of pilot events but Prime Minister Boris Johnson says fans will no longer gather at sporting events until at least Aug. 15. They were initially approved to test procedures ahead of a planned wider re-opening of stadiums in October. The Oval cricket stadium in London has been used as a test for fans returning in the last week.PGA-FEDEX ST. JUDEKoepka has lead through 18MEMPHIS, Tenn. (AP) — Defending champion Brooks Koepka (KEHP’-kuh) has matched his career best with an 8-under 62 to take a one-stroke lead over Rickie Fowler and Brendan Todd in the first round of the FedEx St. Jude Invitational. Seventeen Miami Marlins players have tested positive since opening a three-game series in Philadelphia last weekend. The Phillies haven’t played since losing to the Marlins last Sunday.The Phillies said there were no positive results among players from Wednesday’s testing of their team. But there were two positives: One from a a member of the coaching staff and one from a member of the home clubhouse staff. In other MLB news:— Doubleheaders will now become a pair of seven-inning games in baseball’s latest radical rule change during a season reshaped by the coronavirus pandemic. A person familiar with the plan tells The Associated Press that Major League Baseball and the players’ union reached agreement on the new twinbills. MLB had already added designated hitters to National League games this year and added an automatic runner at second base to start all half-innings in extras.— Angels outfielder Mike Trout was placed on the paternity list before Thursday’s game against the Mariners. The reigning AL Most Valuable Player and his wife are expecting their first child, which was due Monday. Trout initially expressed reservations about playing the season due to the coronavirus pandemic. — The list of players placed on the NFL’s reserve/COVID-19 list now includes Browns punter Jamie Gillan, Vikings linebacker Anthony Barr, Raiders running back Devontae Booker and 49ers running back Jeff Wilson Jr. Meanwhile, rookie running back Malcolm Perry is among several Dolphins players who have donated convalescent plasma after recovering from COVID-19.— The NFL’s chief medical officer says it’s not surprising there have been positive tests for COVID-19 among players reporting to training camp. Dr. Allen Sills notes that the disease is cutting across football just as it has through societies around the world. Sills says the league wanted to examine the results of recent COVID-19 tests before releasing the number of positives. — The Carolina Panthers have decided to keep Joey Slye as their kicker and release veteran Graham Gano (guh-NOH’), who missed all of last season with a knee injury. Gano took over as the team’s kicker in 2012 and spent seven seasons handling field goals and kickoffs for the Panthers. — Titans general manager Jon Robinson says he has been in touch with Vic Beasley and that the linebacker knows his absence from training camp is unexcused. Robinson said in a statement Thursday that Beasley told him he will be reporting to camp in the “near future.” Beasley was the Titans’ big free agent signee in March. COLLEGE FOOTBALL-IOWA-RACIAL BIAS Former student: Schembechler knew of abuse at U of Michigan(Eds: Corrects former player to former student)DETROIT (AP) — Dozens of more victims who said they were molested by a University of Michigan doctor have filed a lawsuit against the school. They include a former student who claims he told legendary coach Bo Schembechler about the abuse in 1982. It’s the first time that a victim has said Schembechler, who died in 2006, was aware of allegations against the late Dr. Robert Anderson. Anderson worked at Michigan, especially with athletes, from the mid-1960s through 2003. The university believes Anderson assaulted male athletes during routine physicals and injury exams. It has hired a law firm to investigate hundreds of complaints while expressing a willingness to ultimately compensate victims. In response to the latest lawsuit, the school says it condemns all sexual misconduct.VIRUS OUTBREAK-SPORTSNCAA extends size of football sideline area — The SEC is the latest college conference to announce that it will play only league games in 2020. University presidents have agreed on a 10-game schedule that eliminates all nonconference opponents and is set to begin Sept. 26 and will conclude with the SEC title game on Dec. 19. The Big Ten and Pac-12 have already announced plans to play only conference games, while the ACC has announced a reworked 11-game schedule that left room for one non-conference game. — A total of 457 Division I football games have been canceled or postponed because of the coronavirus pandemic. According to Associated Press research, 134 Football Bowl Subdivision games are off. That number is 383 for the Football Championship Subdivision. — Georgia Tech has moved this season’s home game against Notre Dame to its campus stadium, citing uncertainty over scheduling because of the coronavirus pandemic. Georgia Tech was set to play Notre Dame at Atlanta’s 75,000-seat Mercedes-Benz Stadium on Nov. 14. Uncertainty over the playing date prompted the school to move the contest to its regular home venue, 55,000-seat Bobby Dodd Stadium.— Top-ranked Ash Barty has withdrawn from the U.S. Open because she’s not comfortable with traveling during the coronavirus pandemic. The 24-year-old Australian is the highest-profile player so far to pull out of the Grand Slam tournament in New York because of the global health crisis. The U.S. Open is set to start Aug. 31. — The LPGA Tour’s return to golf has yielded two positive tests for the coronavirus out of the 466 given to players and caddies before they traveled and when they arrived in Ohio for the LPGA Drive On Championship. The LPGA says Marina Alex had no symptoms when she tested positive before leaving for Inverness, and she is expected to return to the tour next week following 10 days of quarantine. Gaby Lopez has the positive test result out of the 233 given to players and caddies at the tournament. UNDATED (AP) — The Buffalo Bills are the first team in the NFL to send their rookies home and hold training camp remotely after two more players tested positive for COVID-19. Defensive backs Siran Neal and Dane Jackson both tested positive, upping the team’s total to five since rookies reported on July 21. The Bills did not provide a timeline as to how long rookies would continue working remotely.In other NFL news:— The New York Jets placed quarterback Joe Flacco, linebacker Avery Williamson and tight end Ryan Griffin on the physically unable to perform list. Flacco is recovering from a serious neck injury that sidelined him for half of last season with Denver. He was released by the Broncos in March, underwent surgery in April, and was signed to a one-year deal by the Jets in May. They hope he will be the backup to Sam Darnold. Inquiry finds racial bias, bullying in Iowa football programIOWA CITY, Iowa (AP) — An investigative report has found that the Iowa football program has suffered from racial bias against Black players and bullying by a small number of current and former coaches.University of Iowa President Bruce Harreld says the report from an outside law firm shows that the “climate and culture must and will change within our football program.” Coach Kirk Ferentz, the longest-tenured head coach in college football, is expected to keep his job. The report found that many players believe he has already made several positive changes.UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN-DOCTOR Koepka had nine birdies and a bogey on a windy day at TPC Southwind in the World Golf Championship event. The round comes a week after he missed the cut in Minnesota in the 3M Open.Sung Kang shot 65. Justin Thomas fired a 66 and was tied with Matt Kuchar (KOO’-chur), Chez Reavie (REH’-vee) and Max Homa. Thomas can reclaim the No. 1 ranking with a victory this weekend.PGA-PGA CHAMPIONSHIPMolinari, Harrington withdraw from PGA ChampionshipSAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Francesco Molinari and Ryder Cup captain Padraig Harrington have withdrawn from the PGA Championship next week at TPC Harding Park.
BGC takes over The Senet Group’s duties and responsibilities April 6, 2020 StumbleUpon The Association of British Bookmakers (ABB) has defended the government’s current Multi-Operator Self Exclusion Scheme (MOSES), claiming that a recent BBC Radio 5 Live investigation, which criticised the scheme “was conducted in artificial circumstances.”The scheme has come in for criticism after an undercover reporter managed to place bets in 19 of 21 Grimsby betting shops, even after he had signed himself up to the self-exclusion scheme. Nonetheless, the ABB has retained that the current system of self-exclusions represents an effective scheme in helping combat problem gambling, an ABB spokesperson told the BBC: “This is a disappointing result, however it was conducted in artificial circumstances, involving a small sample, over a short period of time and the individual concerned was not a problem gambler or previously known to shop staff. By its very nature, those who self-exclude are normally known to the staff in the shops they exclude from.“In reality an independent review of the Multi-Operator Self Exclusion Scheme, revealed that 83% of participants agreed that it had been effective in reducing or stopping their gambling activity and 71% said they have not attempted to use their nominated betting shops since signing up. We accept that the current self-exclusion scheme is not without flaws however we are continually developing improved systems and seeking to reduce the reliance on staff to recognise those that have self-excluded.”Sarah Gardner, the Gambling Commission’s Executive Director, also commented: “The result of the BBC investigation is concerning and we’ll be making our own inquiries into what happened in this case.“We’re determined to drive improvements in behaviour across the industry in terms of the effort they put into reducing gambling-related harm, and it really is getting to the stage where there is nowhere to hide for businesses who don’t take this seriously.”She added: “What we would like to see is much more emphasis from gambling businesses on intervening at an early stage before there is a need to self-exclude.” Share Share UKGC outlines changes to society lotteries and LCCP conditions July 30, 2020 UKGC hails ‘delivered efficiencies’ of its revamped licence maintenance service August 20, 2020 Related Articles Submit
In the handful of years that Give More 24! has been around, there hasn’t been a major disaster in the weeks leading up to it.This summer’s wildfires in the Columbian River Gorge and hurricanes in the South changed that.Amid all of the disaster relief efforts, one local nonprofit has asked Maury Harris of the Community Foundation for Southwest Washington about the moral dilemma they’re having asking for money Sept. 21 during the annual 24-hour day of giving, Give More 24!People have donated blood, sent money to the Red Cross, lent their boats to rescue people stranded in floodwaters and dropped off cases of bottled water for firefighters tackling the Eagle Creek and Archer Mountain fires. Washougal residents let horses displaced by the fires stay in their pastures. People opened their churches and buildings, and dropped off emergency supplies at the Washougal Community Center. Calls for assistance were responded to within a matter of minutes.“People see the problem and they want to help and be part of the solution,” Harris said.There is room for people to help disaster relief and also give to ongoing causes whose missions they support, he added.“There are multiple drivers for people to give,” he said.The goal of Give More 24! is to raise at least $1 million for local nonprofits and get at least 4,000 people to donate to causes Thursday on the Give More 24! website.The Community Foundation, the host and marketing power behind the annual giving spree, advised participating nonprofits to use Give More 24! to raise money for specific, tangible needs.